lacking intrusive. Possessive constructions: With -s: The woman's husband's child With of: The child of the husband of the woman Nouns can form noun phrases (NPs) where they are the syntactic head of the words that depend on them such as determiners, quantifiers, conjunctions or adjectives. It is the most widely learned second language and is either the official language or one of the official languages in almost 60 sovereign states. Word formation processes English forms new words from existing words or roots in its vocabulary through a variety of processes. Doi :.1016/B /04455-2. Modern English, sometimes described as the first global lingua franca, is also regarded as the first world language. Some analyses add pronouns as a class separate from nouns, and subdivide conjunctions into subordinators and coordinators, and add the class of interjections. Abercrombie,.; Daniels, Peter. The words in English learned first by children as they learn to speak, particularly the grammatical words that dominate the word count of both spoken and written texts, are mainly the Germanic words inherited from the earliest periods of the development of Old English. The class of determiners is used to specify the noun they precede in terms of definiteness, where the marks a definite noun and a or an an indefinite one. Phonology Main article: English phonology The phonetics and phonology of the English language differ from one dialect to another, usually without interfering with mutual communication. In Romaine, Suzanne (ed.). He/she/it him/her/it his/her/its his/hers/its himself/herself/itself 1st. The great majority of literary works in Old English that survive to today are written in the Roman alphabet. 64 English is the largest language by number of speakers. "2011 Census QuickStats: Australia". This influence of English has led to concerns about language death, and to claims of linguistic imperialism, and has provoked resistance to the spread of English; however the number of speakers continues to increase because many people around the. Nouns, adjectives, pronouns, and verbs had many more inflectional endings and forms, and word order was much freer than in Modern English. The consonants that may appear together in onsets or codas are restricted, as rogaland eskorte elite escorts europe is the order in which they may appear. Earlier Old English texts in Anglo-Saxon runes are only short inscriptions. Adjectives Adjectives modify a noun by providing additional information about their referents. The Great Vowel Shift explains many irregularities in spelling since English retains many spellings from Middle English, and it also explains why English vowel letters have very different pronunciations from the same letters in other languages. Mass nouns can only be pluralised through the use of a count noun classifier,.g. The verb do can be used as an auxiliary even in simple declarative sentences, where it usually serves to add emphasis, as in "I did shut the fridge." However, in the negated and inverted clauses referred to above. Nonetheless this attrition has mostly affected dialectal variation in grammar and vocabulary, and in fact, only 3 percent of the English population actually speak RP, the remainder speaking regional accents and dialects with varying degrees of RP influence.